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INFORMATION ABOUT PAMUKKALE
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THE HISTORY TRAVEL AGENCY
Although Denizli is not by the coast, Denizli means "a
locality by the sea". The name must have referred to the
abundance of underground water sources.
Denizli is a rapidly growing industrial (especially textile)
and touristic town with numerous beauties.
Being a fertile region, the city has always been a center of
cradle of civilizations succeeding one another. Luvians,
Phrygians, Persians, Greeks and Romans are counted among the
early civilizations; the later ones include the Byzantines,
Seljuk and the Ottomans.
Denizli’s popular site Pamukkale is a must-see natural thermal
water source and a unique in the world with its calcareous
white steps. The ancient sites Laodicea, Tripolis, Hierapolis, Colossae, Eumania, Heraklia Salbace, Tabae, Dionysopolis,
Apollon Lermenos Temple, Sebatopolis, Anava, Trapezopolis,
Attuda, and Apollonia Salbace are also inside the borders of
Pamukkale travertine is a type of limestone deposited at the
mouth of the spring. Thermal sources on an important fault
line of western Anatolia in Pamukkale are warmed up by
subterranean heat and come out at 33-36 C. The water contains
calcium hydro carbonate. Tectonic movements triggered frequent
earthquakes in this area and gave rise to the emergence of a
number of very hot springs. The water from these springs
created Pamukkale with its large mineral content. When the hot
water is in touch with the carbon dioxide, it starts to lose
its warmth and also the carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are
released in to the air. As a result the calcium carbonate is
precipitated. So the water forms magnificent viewed travertine.
There is a high amount of calcium and carbon dioxide in the
combination of the water. The chemical reaction from the start
to the end is:
Ca (HCO3)2 >> CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O
Water channels carry water which comes out of the ground
arrives to the terraces. But before water channels were built,
water used to reach travertine by natural channels formed by
running warm water. Because of the calcium in water, objects
such as branch of a tree or a stone piece left in the flowing
water are whitened in a short time.
According to the theocratic researches, flowing water can
whiten approximately 4.9 km2 with 1 mm deposit. Running of the
water in the same area for 14000 years, causes moss in
travertine and spoil the whiteness.
There was a young girl who was unmarried and ugly. As no one
wanted to marry her, she decided to commit suicide and she
threw herself off the travertine and fell into a natural pool
but did not die. Because of the water in the natural pool she
turned into a very beautiful girl and caught the attraction of
the lord of Denizli while he was passing by. At that moment,
the lord fell in love with this young and beautiful girl and
they soon got married.
So, in addition to the curing effects of the water, people
also believe in the beautifying power of the water. As the
water is useful, this land has been a place where people visit
periodically for beauty and health since the ancient times. So
the reason for Pamukkale to be an attractive place is not only
the natural travertine, but also the healing waters.
The mineral water of Pamukkale helps recovering the high blood
pressure, kidney stones, stroke, rheumatism, nervous and
physical exhaustion, eye and skin diseases, circulatory
problems, digestive maladies, nutritional disorders and
chronic disorders. Pamukkale became a spa resort today and the
center of a pagan cult in antiquity.
Pamukkale is located in Aegean region of Turkey but far from Aegean Sea.
Aegean Coastal plain has mild climate, warm winters, sunny
autums, springs and hot summers. Inland part of Aegean Region
is cooler than seaside.
Mountains in this region are perpendicular to the Aegean Sea
so interior part is open to winds coming from sea. Winters are
mild, even in January and February sometimes it is sunny and
pleasant, but mostly rainy just sometimes snowy. For visiting
and exploring Hierapolis in Pamukkale autumn and spring are
the most inviting months.
Where To Stay?
various kinds of accommodation choices ranging from 1 to 5
star hotels and aparts both in Pamukkale region and in Denizli city. Most of the luxury hotels in Pamukkale ( Karahayit
district) have their own thermal pools and some hotels bring
the thermal water into the guest rooms’ bathroom with seperate
channels. You may prefer to stay in Karahayit district for
those thermal hotels, otherwise the distance between Denizli
and Pamukkale ( Karahayit) is only 20 km (12 miles).
Festival Honaz the last Monday of May or the first Monday of
Civril Culture and Apple Festival 17 September / DENİZLİ
Akalan Melon Watermelon Festival 3 -9 September / DENİZLİ
Buldan Yenicekent Sultaniye Seedless Grape Festival 2 -8 July
International Pamukkale Music and Culture Festival 1 -30
September / DENİZLİ
Acipayam Culture Festival 29-31 August / DENİZLİ
Yesilyuva Shoemakers and Friendship Festival 17-19 July /
Pepper Festival 1 -31 July / DENİZLİ
Honaz Cherry Festival 10-11 June / DENİZLİ
Yenicekent Grape Festival Yenicekent / Buldan Last week of
Denizli airport is about 45 min. drive from the city. There is
direct flight almost every day from Istanbul usually in the
morning and back to Istanbul in the evening.
By train, one of the main lines of the national train system
passes through Denizli.
By car, Driving time to the capital city (Ankara) is app. 7
hours. Driving time to Izmir is app. 3 hours.
By bus, There is coach to almost everywhere in the country
from the main bus station of Denizli.
source site : pamukkale.net
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